Oct 6, 2017, 7:24 PM ET

Jeff Sessions consulted Christian right legal group on religious freedom memo


Attorney General Jeff Sessions consulted Alliance Defending Freedom, a legal advocacy group that champions conservative Christian causes, ahead of issuing controversial guidance to government agencies and departments on Friday about how to interpret federal religious liberty protections.

Alliance Defending Freedom (ADF), a group whose stated mission is to “keep the doors open for the Gospel by advocating for religious liberty, the sanctity of life, and marriage and family,” hailed Sessions’ announcement, while a number of leading LGBT advocacy groups condemned the move for effectively offering a religious exemption for sexual orientation discrimination.

In a call with reporters, ADF senior counsel Greg Baylor confirmed to ABC News that Sessions met with the group during a series of so-called “listening sessions” convened by the Attorney General, who says he was “seeking suggestions regarding the areas of federal protection for religious liberty most in need of clarification or guidance.”

ADF CEO Michael Farris, who took over in January, also lauded President Donald Trump for fulfilling a campaign promise.

“I commend the president for taking another step to honor his campaign promise to make religious liberty his ‘first priority’ by directing the Department of Justice to issue this guidance, which simply directs the federal government to adhere to its legal and constitutional obligation to respect existing religious freedom protections,” wrote Farris in a statement.

The Department of Justice did not respond to questions for this article but told reporters Sessions consulted more than a dozen different religious groups from across the political spectrum, including the ACLU Project on Religion and Belief, American Center for Law and Justice, American Jewish Committee, Anti-Defamation League, Baptist Joint Committee, Becket Law, Center for Islam and Religious Freedom, First Liberty, General Conference of Seventh-day Adventists, Hindu American Foundation, Interfaith Alliance, LDS Church, Muslim Advocates, Muslim Public Affairs Council, Orthodox Union, Sikh Coalition, Southern Baptist Convention ERLC and U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.

The Department of Justice did not indicate that it consulted any LGBT rights groups, however.

ADF was founded in 1994 by a group of leading Christian evangelical leaders, including James Dobson of Focus on the Family, Bill Bright of Campus Crusade for Christ and Larry Burkett of Crown Financial Ministries. Since then, ADF has established itself as a leading litigation and appellate advocacy group for Christian right causes, including opposition to abortion and same-sex marriage, and social conservatives hail the group as champions of religious freedom.

Societal gains by LGBT people have long been in the group’s sights, however. Alan Sears, ADF’s longtime president, CEO and general counsel, cowrote a book in 2003 called "The Homosexual Agenda: Exposing the Principal Threat to Religious Liberty Today," in which he argued that the repeal of anti-sodomy laws would lead to a roll back of "laws against pedophilia, sex between close relatives, polygamy, bestiality and all other distortions and violations of God’s plan.”

ADF lawyers have argued several cases before the Supreme Court and are currently representing Colorado baker Jack Phillips, who is challenging the state’s nondiscrimination protections after he was found in violation of the law for refusing to bake a wedding cake for a same-sex couple in 2012. The U.S. Supreme Court recently agreed to review the Phillips case. In a recent appearance on ABC’s “The View,” Phillips defended his actions: “I don’t believe that Jesus would have made a cake, if he would have been the baker,” he said.

The progressive Southern Poverty Law Center added ADF in 2016 to its “designated hate group” list, which includes a number of right-wing evangelical organizations, for what SPLC calls its “anti-LGBT ideology.” The SPLC said ADF “works to develop ‘religious liberty’ legislation and case law that will allow the denial of good and services to LGBT people on the basis of religion” and “has supported the recriminalization of homosexuality in the U.S. and criminalization abroad.”

ADF has repeatedly disputed the Southern Poverty Law Center’s “hate group” designation as “a lie” and criticized news organizations, including ABC News, who make reference to it.

The group also has powerful conservative allies willing to come to their defense. Sen. James Lankford, a Republican from Oklahoma, criticized ABC News for its coverage of the group in July, after ABC News reported that Sessions delivered a closed-door address to the group at their Summit on Religious Liberty in California, where he suggested, according to a text of the speech later published by the conservative website The Federalist, religion was “under attack.”

The SPLC, meanwhile, which has monitored hate groups throughout the United States for decades, continues to stand by its label, telling ABC News it’s “rightfully earned.”

PHOTO: Mike Farris, President, CEO & General Counsel for Alliance Defending Freedom; and David A. Cortman, senior counsel and vice president of U.S. litigation with Alliance Defending Freedom, speak to reporters in Washington on April 21, 2017.Jeff Malet Photography/Newscom
Mike Farris, President, CEO & General Counsel for Alliance Defending Freedom; and David A. Cortman, senior counsel and vice president of U.S. litigation with Alliance Defending Freedom, speak to reporters in Washington on April 21, 2017.

On Friday, Sessions outlined 20 broad “principles” designed to ensure that “to the greatest extent practicable and permitted by law, religious observance and practice should be accommodated in all government activity,” including a decree that “a governmental action substantially burdens an exercise of religion … if it compels an act inconsistent with that observance or practice, or substantially pressures the adherent to modify such observance or practice.”

For several leading LGBT advocates, the new guidance was an alarming effort to undermine sexual orientation discrimination protections, under the guise of affirming religious liberty, that could have far-reaching implications.

Sen. Tammy Baldwin, a Democrat from Wisconsin and the first openly gay U.S. Senator, told ABC News that today’s guidance could pave the way for discrimination of vulnerable populations.

“I support religious freedom and the freedom of full equality for every American,” Baldwin said in a statement. “A license to discriminate goes against our core American values and I fear that the guidance the Justice Department issued today is not designed to help agencies comply with the law, but rather to give them greater leeway to condone discrimination against LGBTQ people, women and others.”

According to Human Rights Campaign president Chad Griffin, the new guidance makes millions of Americans vulnerable to discrimination.

“Today the Trump-Pence administration launched an all-out assault on LGBTQ people, women and other minority communities by unleashing a sweeping license to discriminate,” said Griffin in a statement. “This blatant attempt to further Donald Trump’s cynical and hateful agenda will enable systematic, government-wide discrimination that will have a devastating impact on LGBTQ people and their families.”

Sarah Kate Ellis, president and CEO of GLAAD, argued that the new guidance rests on a misinterpretation of religious liberty.

“Today’s guidance by Jeff Sessions proves this Administration will do anything possible to categorize LGBTQ Americans as second-class citizens who are not equal under the law,” said Ellis in a statement. “Freedom of religion is paramount to our nation’s success, but does give people the right to impose their beliefs on others, to harm other, or to discriminate. Nothing could be more un-American and unholy that using religion to justify harm and discrimination to others.”

For David Dinielli, the deputy legal director for the Southern Poverty Law Center’s LGBT Rights Project, the ADF’s apparent relationship with Sessions is a troubling sign of the group’s growing influence in the new administration.

“The fact that the ADF has confirmed it has participated in a listening session is further proof that extremists have infiltrated the highest echelons of power in this administration, even the Attorney General who is tasked with protecting the civil rights of all Americans,” Dinielli told ABC News. “I’m not certain who came up with the invitation list to these listening sessions, but I can assure you it did not include groups who provide services to those who will be directly affected by this new guidance.”

Editor's note: This report has been updated to include what the Department of Justice told reporters and to reflect that ADF senior counsel Greg Baylor, not ADF CEO Michael Farris, confirmed in a call with reporters that Attorney General Jeff Sessions consulted the group on the guidance.

News - Jeff Sessions consulted Christian right legal group on religious freedom memo

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  • SWSimpson

    It is against my religion to have dealings with pseudo-religious organizations and their members, based on a strict adherence to the teachings of Jesus, and Jesus only. Any religious group of any kind that refers back to the OT to justify their irrational fears and prejudices are considered, in "my" religion, false teachers, hypocrites and liars. Therefore, evangelicals should be shunned and despised, along with the right wing extremist organizations and think-tanks they have created to usurp power within the U.S. government. Would Jeff Sessions support "my" religious beliefs? I doubt it. NO ONE should believe a word that tiny Jeff Sessions- he is a prove liar.

  • Bill Carlton

    Do you honestly think this will all get worked out? There are a lot of us who dont see the LGBT movement as positive. There appears to be no middle ground on this issue and abortion. Fortunately, meditation on the Lord is helpful.

  • Xylem

    I just want to see every member of this corrupt administration perp-walked into prison.

  • jaredyjaredy .

    So sick of these lunatics using their imaginary friend to reinforce their inherent bigotry.


    Why does ABC continue to use the SPLC as a source when their hate group labels are applied to any organization that disagrees with them. Religious freedoms and Christian rights are under attack in this country. Why is fighting for these freedoms/rights a hate crime? ABC used to have fair reporting but it is clear that is no longer the case....quoting only liberal sources and having anchors like Terry Moran slam conservatives on live TV reveals how unbalanced ABC's reporting is. This is not the ABC news I grew up. Shame on ABC news.

  • Conscience_of_a_conservative

    it's clear who sessions and trump view as their constituency. on the one hand lobbyists have helped craft policy for years, on the other hand it displays clear bias at the doj

  • Moore Elizabeth

    There are religions that claim to be Christian but believe that anyone whose skin is not white is accursed of God, and they will tell you this. This was put forth as one of the main justifications for slavery (where not only blacks, but Hispanics and Native Americans were also enslaved) and for laws that broke up Native American families and for the excesses of Jim Crow. These types of religions are prominent among Evangelicals and among the alt-right. People of Color are dead certain to be the next victims if nothing is done.

  • Hank Dunlap

    Why is the left-wing nut-job SPLC utilized as a credible source in this NEWS article? Oh, or this an opinion piece in disguise? Or could it be a wee bit slanted to the left? Just a tiny bit...yes.

    From a more balanced perspective, Mr. Sessions was thorough in his approach. Job well done Mr. Sessions.

  • Bev Guyer

    Why is the attorney general consulting with a Christian group? Is he not hip to the whole separation of church and state?

  • IndependentforFreedom

    Atta boy leghorn ,, foghorn....

  • colloguy

    If the bible indicates you must marry the person that raped you, might that women be stoned to death for not being a virgin on her wedding night?

  • mothernatureearthmom

    the monks and priests responsible for the dark ages consulted Christian right legal groups also.

  • George Rainey

    The Baker who said, "I believe Jesus would not bake the cake" seems to understand very little about Jesus... Jesus was open to all folks, including tax collectors, prostitutes, beggars, and anyone who approached him... He did not like judgmental hypocrites’, "Judge not, that ye be not judged. For with what judgment ye judge, ye shall be judged: and with what measure ye mete, it shall be measured to you again. And why beholdest thou the mote that is in thy brother's eye, but considerest not the beam that is in thine own eye?", so I'll leave it there, enough said.

  • James L. Greenlee

    The religious right used to be a constituency of the right, always placated, and given a voice. But never power. They were never actually allowed into the inner workings of government. Now they're in, apparently, helping run the show. That should scare everyone, even religious folks, especially if they're even of a slightly different stripe from evangelical Christianity.

  • John Galt

    Sessions next step is to implement Christian Law. He's leaning towards the alt right deep south baptist sect which will remove all other non-compliant religions.

  • TimCA

    I guess we all know without a doubt who this administration is 100% owned by. I wonder when Sessions ever bothered to consult LGBT civil rights or women's advocacy groups about this? Oh right, never!

  • Art Hegewald

    I know I don't like the AG of the US checking with radical christian groups before making legal pronouncements but I don't know if it is improper conduct or illegal. It appears that we are on one of those slippery slopes with this administration which looks to be moving toward a cabal of people and groups that is perfectly willing to turn the USA into an Iran-like theocracy.

  • ProfessorAlbee

    There is absolutely no doubt that Mr. (Jefferson B.) Sessions is in good company with the likes of Mr (Edwin) Meese and Mr. (John N.) Mitchell. indeed, the religious right essentially sold its soul to the Devil himself when it voted en mass for Donald J. Trump as President # 45.

  • concernedvoter

    Does anyone see the Hypocrisy in this Presidents actions? We have the highest Profiled self Admitted womanizer, abuser in the history of this Great Country, now on the Presidential Pulpit forcing his fake morality views on everyone else. Using this admitted southern racist as his Law enforcer.

  • Sheriff Jack Carter

    It will all come down to the SCOTUS. The more state gov'ts, the feds, religious groups and businesses like Masterpiece Cakeshop push the closer it gets to firm decisions by the SCOTUS. With the SCOTUS set to rule on Masterpiece Cakeshop v. Colorado Civil Rights Commission this session there could be some big changes. They will have to decide if a persons beliefs trump state anti-discrimination laws. With the current makeup I see them siding with the laws and either establishing or laying the groundwork for including all LGBTQ in discrimination laws.

  • Black Cat 22

    Christianity has two branches today --- True Christians who believe in the true person of Christ, and the FALLWELLITES, those who followed Jerry Fallwell Jr and voted for a sexual predator soulless liar. The FALLWELLITES have lost their salvation and any Christian who voted for Trump is now away from God and going to HELL with Sessions, Sarah Palin, Bannon, Trump, Paula White. They are the 'wolves in sheep's clothing," They are not of God.

  • browninghipower

    Sessions is a man of both puny physical size and matching soul. How does America continue to produce such venal and vile little scum?

  • Life's a River

    So much for separation of church and state.

  • DoctorDJ

    Welcome to the Theocracy. Welcome to Christian Sharia law.
    What's next? Religious police roaming the streets arresting those dress inappropriately?

  • Fred

    christians will reap what they sow, forcing others to do as you please when they are paying your way wont work out well for them. KIm Davis is living proof...